Thesis work: Volvo Cars Business model development for High Voltage Li-ion Battery 2nd life 68 visningar0 ansökningar

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At Volvo Cars, we believe that being curious and truly committed to understanding people is the key to future success. We are people who care about other people, working together to create new technologies and innovations for safe, sustainable and convenient mobility. Want to join us?


What we offer
Global Customer Service is a unit within Volvo Cars, which is responsible for the worldwide aftermarket business, the development and distribution of spare parts, service and repair methods and accessory range. Our ambition is to be the preferred supplier of parts and service to our dealers and customers and thereby actively contribute to creating the best car ownership experience for the customer.

This thesis work will be carried out within the Department Hybrid & Electric Propulsion within Service, Business and Technology, which is a part of Volvo Cars’ Global Customer Service organization.

According to our sustainability strategy Service, Business and Technology are analyzing and developing the aftermarket potentials for used High Voltage Li-ion batteries. Our responsibilities include development of the battery remanufacturing process, logistics set up and the business model.

Volvo Cars has got end of life responsibility for the High Voltage Li-ion Batteries in our Electric Cars. Hence we need to establish full control of the entire process of the life cycle of the batteries. Volvo Cars have developed the sustainability strategy in three steps for handling High Voltage Li-ion batteries post 1st life. The purpose of the strategy is to maximize battery utilization, minimize environmental impact by enabling circular material flow, manage revenue streams and reduce cost. The strategy follows the waste hierarchy and mirrors Volvo Cars’ sustainability strategy.
The post 1st life strategy priority is:

  •  Re-use in car: Re-use batteries in car after remanufacturing
  •  2nd life: Utilize batteries in non-aggressive energy storage applications outside of vehicle
  •  Recycling: Recover battery materials to enable new batteries to be produced

The Hybrid & Electric department at SB&T is developing the remanufacturing process of used batteries, the 2nd life business model and the logistic set up. With 2nd life the battery life time is prolonged and the resource utilization is maximized.


2nd life means potentially new revenue streams by utilizing used EV batteries in other applications, for example:

  •  Transmission & Distribution (T&D) defferal of grid capacity upgrades by balance of local loads
  •  Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) Back-up for high priority loads
  •  Power Arbitrage, buying and selling power

The business model can be either:
• Sell batteries as is
• Lease batteries
• Lease and generate operational revenue (%)
• Own – total installation-design, system, operation
• Develop ESS products and sell
Or/either combinations of the above
There can be small, medium, large or x-large size systems.


The speed within automotive to find business opportunities for 2nd life applications is both quick and challenging.


The scope of the thesis is to:
• Perform a benchmark study showing if new and/or used batteries are used for 2nd life, what OEM’s are active, what business models do they use, size of installations, price levels etc.
• List potential applications suitable for 2nd life divided in PHEV vs EV batteries
• Investigate consequence of using unbroken battery packs vs customized configurations.
• Develop the business model including pros/cons for PHEV vs EV batteries
• Investigate and recommend size or sizes of installations
• Recommend type of installations with sufficient business revenue


Do you fit the profile?
We are looking for you with background in Industrial Engineering and Management, Engineering for Sustainable Development,  Economics or Innovation & Industrial Management or equivalent with knowledge and interest in technical business development. You have a structured approach and ability to work independently. While writing this thesis work you will need to get information from several different parts of the department. You will have to interact with colleagues, at other units within Volvo Cars or external companies and organizations  and therefore good communication skills are important.

 Period: 1 semester, 30 ECTS points
 Starting date: January 2020
 Number of students: Suitable for 1-2 students, see Profile above.
How to learn more and apply

In case of questions regarding this thesis work please contact Hanna Persson (HV Battery Program and Strategy Manager) at We want your application – your resume and cover letter stating your interests within the given area and your thoughts and credentials – at the latest November 15th, 2019.  Selection will be ongoing during the application period.


Who are we?

Everything we do starts with people. Our purpose is to provide freedom to move, in a personal, sustainable and safe way. We are committed to simplifying our customers’ lives by offering better technology solutions that improve their impact on the world and bringing the most advanced mobility innovations to protect them, their loved ones and the people around them.

Volvo Cars’ continued success is the result of a collaborative, diverse, and inclusive working environment. The people of Volvo Cars are committed to making a difference in our world. Today, we are one of the most well-known and respected car brands, with over 40,000 employees across the globe. We believe in bringing out the best in each other and harnessing the true power of people. At Volvo Cars your career is designed around your talents and aspirations so you can reach your full potential. Join us on a journey of a lifetime as we create safety, autonomous driving and electrification technologies of tomorrow.

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